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Time-Triggered Co-Scheduling of Computation and Communication with Jitter Requirements
Ref: CISTER-TR-170702       Publication Date: 1, Jan, 2018

Time-Triggered Co-Scheduling of Computation and Communication with Jitter Requirements

Ref: CISTER-TR-170702       Publication Date: 1, Jan, 2018

Abstract:
The complexity of embedded application design is increasing with growing user demands. In particular, automotive embedded systems are highly complex in nature, and their functionality is realized by a set of periodic tasks. These tasks may have hard real-time requirements and communicate over an interconnect. The problem is to efficiently co-schedule task execution on cores and message transmission on the interconnect so that timing constraints are satisfied. Contemporary works typically deal with zero-jitter scheduling, which results in lower resource utilization, but has lower memory requirements. This article focuses on jitter-constrained scheduling that puts constraints on the tasks jitter, increasing schedulability over zerojitter scheduling.
The contributions of this article are: 1) Integer Linear Programming and Satisfiability Modulo Theory model exploiting problem-specific information to reduce the formulations complexity to schedule small applications. 2) A heuristic approach, employing three levels of scheduling scaling to real-world use-cases with 10000 tasks and messages. 3) An experimental evaluation of the proposed approaches on a case-study and on synthetic data sets showing the efficiency of both zero-jitter and jitter-constrained scheduling. It shows that up to 28% higher resource utilization can be achieved by having up to 10 times longer computation time with relaxed jitter requirements.

Authors:
Anna Minaeva
,
Benny Åkesson
,
Zdeněk Hanzálek
,
Dakshina Dasari


To be published in IEEE Transactions on Computers, IEEE, Volume 67, Issue 1, pp 115-129.

DOI:10.1109/TC.2017.2722443.
ISSN: 0018-9340.



Record Date: 7, Jul, 2017