Cooperative Framework for Open Real-Time Systems
Ref: HURRAY-TR-110302 Publication Date: 23, Mar, 2011
Cooperative Framework for Open Real-Time SystemsRef: HURRAY-TR-110302 Publication Date: 23, Mar, 2011
Embedded devices are reaching a point where society does not notice its presence; however, if suddenly taken away, everyone would notice their absence. The new, small, embedded devices used in consumer electronics, telecommunication, industrial automation, or automotive systems are the reason for their massive spread.
Influenced by this growth and pervasiveness, the scientific community is faced with new challenges in several domains. Of these, important ones are the management of the quality of the provided services and the management of the underlying resources - both interconnected to solve the problem of optimal allocation of physical resources (namely CPU, memory and network as examples), whilst providing the best possible quality to users.
Although several models have been presented in literature, a recent proposal handles resource management by using coalitions of nodes in open real-time cooperative environments, as a solution to guarantee that the application’s non-functional requirements are met, and to provide the best possible quality of service to users. This proposal, the CooperatES framework, provides better models and mechanisms to handle resource management in open real-time systems, allowing resource constrained devices to collectively execute services with their neighbours, in order to fulfil the complex Quality of Service constraints imposed by users and applications.
Within the context of the CooperatES framework, the work presented in this thesis evaluates the feasibility of the implementation of the framework’s Quality of Service concept within current embedded Java platforms, and proposes a solution and architecture for a specific platform: the Android operating system. To this purpose, the work provides an evaluation of the suitability of Java solutions for real-time and embedded systems, an evaluation of the Android platform for open real-time systems, as well as discusses the required extensions to Android allowing it to be used within real-time system. Furthermore, this thesis presents a prototype implementation of the CooperatES framework within the Android platform, which allows determining the suitability of the proposed platform extensions for open real-time systems applications.
Master Thesis, Instituto Superior de Engenharia do Porto.