Wireless radio link design to improve near-shore communication with surface nodes on tidal waters
Ref: CISTER-TR-210706 Publication Date: 20 to 22, Sep, 2021
Wireless radio link design to improve near-shore communication with surface nodes on tidal watersRef: CISTER-TR-210706 Publication Date: 20 to 22, Sep, 2021
Wireless radio links deployed over aquatic areas (e.g., sea, estuaries or harbors) are affected by the conductive properties of the water surface, strengthening signal reflections and increasing interference effects. Recurrent natural phenomena such as tides or waves cause shifts in the water level that, in turn, change the interference patterns and cause varying impairments to propagation over water surfaces. In this work, we aim at mitigating the detrimental impact of tides on the quality of a line-of-sight over-water link between an onshore station and a surface node, targeting mission data transfer scenarios. We consider different types of surface nodes, namely, autonomous underwater vehicles, unmanned surface vehicles and buoys, and we use WiFi technology in both 2.4 GHz and 5 GHz frequency bands. We propose two methods for link distance/height design: (i) identifying a proper Tx-Rx distance for improved link quality at each point of the tidal cycle; (ii) defining the height/distance that minimizes the path loss averaged during the whole tidal cycle. Experimental results clearly show the validity of our link quality model and the interest of method (i). Analytical results confirm method (ii) and show that it outperforms, in both frequency bands, the common practice of placing onshore antennas at the largest possible height and/or surface nodes at a short but arbitrary distance.
IEEE/MTS OCEANS 2021 San Diego – Porto (OCEANS 2021).
San Diego, U.S.A..